National Disaster Management Authority Government of India

Mizoram

Mizoram - Official website - http://dmr.mizoram.gov.in/

 

Hazard Profile - Earthquake, Fire, Landslide, Cyclone and Hailstorms

Chief Minister - Sh. PU LALTHANHAWLA

Contact -


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The Mizoram State Disaster Management Plan for 2011-12 has been prepared by the State Disaster Management Authority as per the mandate of the Disaster Management Act 2005 and guidelines provided by the National Disaster Management Authority. In 1992, massive landslides occurred in Mizoram, taking the lives of 166 people as well as damaging 14 houses. Moreover, 66 bodies were unrecovered. Earlier in 1983, 250 houses were damaged in Aizawl city alone. Landslide is, therefore, one of the major disasters of the State. The State is also prone to fire, earthquake, high wind and cyclonic storms and drought. The State is in Seismic Zone–V, which is the highest risk zone to earthquakes. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the State. Thus there is always abundant rainfall during the monsoon season, starting from April to October. High wind/cyclonic storm always strike the State at the beginning and after the monsoon season, which creates havoc in the State by damaging dwelling houses and crops. Due to excess rainfall, landslides are very serious hazard for the State. Landslides disrupt road, communications, damage houses and cause loss of life every year. Due to absence of proper regulation in land use and buildings in the past, Aizawl city and other towns in the State are more vulnerable to earthquake and other calamities. Roads are narrow and will be difficult to bring heavy equipments for rescue work. Not only communication within Aizawl city and other towns difficult, but also road communication between the Districts can be severely disrupted. Keeping this in mind, the State Government had decided to establish 4 units of State Disaster Response Force from the Mizoram Armed Police and the IR Battalions located in strategic locations.

 

Mizoram has a population of about 10 lakhs with eight districts, 26 development blocks, 23 towns and 817 villages. The total area of the State is 21081 Sq km. The State has as much as 404 km of international border with Myanmar and 318 km with Bangladesh. The urban population is slightly higher than 50% of total population. This plan is formulated in the context of natural and man-made disasters to the multi-hazards vulnerabilities and is based on the population growth in the urban areas, the vast disparities of income, rapid growth of urbanization and development in risk zones, environment degradation, climate change, the State economy and sustainable development. The objective of the State Disaster Management Plan of Mizoram is to facilitate the execution of activities for preparedness, prevention, mitigation, response and coordination for all stakeholders upto the community level and their involvement in all phases.