राष्ट्रीय आपदा प्रबंधन प्राधिकरण भारत सरकार
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Vulnerability Profile

India is vulnerable, in varying degrees, to a large number of disasters. More than 58.6 per cent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of moderate to very high intensity; over 40 million hectares (12%) of its land is prone to floods and river erosion; close to 5,700 kms, out of the 7,516 kms long coastline is prone to cyclones and tsunamis; 68% of its cultivable area is vulnerable to droughts; and, its hilly areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches. Moreover, India is also vulnerable to Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) emergencies and other man-made disasters.

Disaster risks in India are further compounded by increasing vulnerabilities related to changing demographics and socio-economic conditions, unplanned urbanization, development within high-risk zones, environmental degradation, climate change, geological hazards, epidemics and pandemics. Clearly, all these contribute to a situation where disasters seriously threaten India’s economy, its population and sustainable development.

Of the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclones and tsunamis.

 

58.6 per cent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of moderate to very high intensity.

Over 40 million hectares (12 per cent of land) is prone to floods and river erosion.