logo National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) img
  • KNOW
  • THE


Variability of rainfall leading to rainfall deficiency and water shortage causes drought. In India, almost three-fourths of annual rainfall is received during South West Monsoon Period (June-September) and erratic nature of monsoon (South West Monsoon), with long dry spells & high temperature, is mainly responsible for drought. Drought is declared by the respective State Governments taking into account rainfall situation, crop growth, etc.

Types of droughts:

  • Meteorological Drought – referring to lack of precipitation.
  • Agricultural drought – referring to lack of moisture in the soil where crops grow.
  • Hydrological drought – referring to low levels of water in reservoirs.
  • Socio-economic drought – referring to water shortages affecting people in society, which impacts availability of foodgrains, fodder, etc.